In India, education as a whole is managed by both the Union Government and the State Government. While some responsibilities are taken care of by the Union Government, the State Government takes the autonomy of others. Our Indian Constitution gives the provision of Right to Education to all its citizens. Education in India comes under the control of The National Council of Educational Research and Training, popularly known as NCERT, an apex body set up by the Indian Government headquartered in New Delhi. NCERT assists and advises the Central and State Government in matters related to school education.
The primary objective of the NCERT is to undertake, aid, promote and coordinate research in areas related to school education. Some of the functions of NCERT are Research, Development, Training, Extension, Publication and Dissemination and Exchange Programmes. It also drafts, publishes and recommends school textbooks from Classes 1 to 12 for various subjects based on the recommendations of the knowledgeable faculty in those particular subjects.
The various curriculum bodies governing school education in India are
- State Government Boards
- Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
- Council for The Indian School Certificate Examinations (ICSE)
- National Institute of Open Schooling Board (NIOS)
Among all the Education Boards established in India, the most prominent Board is CBSE Board. CBSE Board marks are widely accepted across all universities irrespective of the course you are opting for.
Role of CBSE in Educational Institutions
The Central Board of Secondary Education was established on 1st July 1962, situated in New Delhi. It is an autonomous body managed by the Government of India. The Board promotes innovations in teaching-learning methodologies by devising student centered paradigms. It brings about reforms in examinations and evaluation practices. It develops skill learning by adding job-oriented and job-linked inputs. It also regularly updates the pedagogical skills of the teachers and administrators by conducting in-service training programmes, workshops etc.
Importance of CBSE Board
CBSE is considered one of the most preferred Board in India, which follows the national curriculum with additional subject matter. The Board conducts two examinations – All India Secondary School Examination for Class 10 and All India Senior School Certificate Examination for Class 12. The NCERT authorises the Board to prescribe textbooks to all the affiliated schools.
The syllabus of CBSE is more student-friendly when compared to other Boards. Under the CBSE syllabus, Secondary subjects like Environmental Education are not compulsory and subjects such as Physics, Chemistry and Biology fall under the category of Science. History, Geography and Civics fall under Social Sciences. Along with the syllabus, the Board also prepares CBSE Sample Papers for the benefit of the students.
The education gained in CBSE Board is extremely helpful while preparing for competitive exams. It aims to impart quality education while also considering the physical and mental growth of students and a holistic approach to education. It has higher standards that provide immense exposure through projects and problem-solving methodology. It is largely based on reasoning and analytical ability.
Students who study in CBSE Board get all the study materials handy on their official website. It provides previous year question papers, exam time table, sample paper for all the classes such as CBSE Sample papers for Class 9 etc so that students can score well in their exams.
With an increasing number of schools going ‘international’ worldwide, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has created a Foreign Schools Cell (FSC) which will ensure that CBSE schools outside India are provided the required academic and administrative support.
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